Home Free Lab ReportsImplicit in many of these definitions is the notion of leadership traits

Implicit in many of these definitions is the notion of leadership traits

Implicit in many of these definitions is the notion of leadership traits, which is one of the oldest forms of leadership enquiry – often referred to as Great Man or Trait Theory (Carlyle, 1841; Tannenbaum and Schmidt, 1973; Harter, 2008). Despite criticism (e.g. Stogdill, 1948; Levine, 2008; Fletcher, 2003), the fascination with leadership traits persists. For example, a meta-study by the Centre for Excellence in Management and Leadership (CEML, 2002) identified over 1,000 leadership traits in the literature, which they distilled to 83 more or less distinct attributes. Less comprehensive lists have been produced (e.g. Levine, 2008) and categorisations proposed (e.g. Boyatzis, 1982; Stodgill, 1974). Of these, Stodgill is perhaps the most user-friendly